According to a report by WHO, Depression cases are fast increasing in India with over 5 crore people suffering from the disorder, the highest in WHO’s South East Asia and Western Pacific region. Acknowledging this, recently in India, the Lok Sabha made an amendment by passing the Mental Health Bill 2016 which decriminalises the attempt to suicide. The bill aims to provide mental healthcare and services for persons with mental illness and ensures these persons have the right to live a life with dignity by not being discriminated against or harassed.
World Health Day is on 7 April and this time WHO has chosen Depression as it’s theme for the campaign. Dr Sanjay Gupta, Senior Consultant Physician, VPS Rockland Hospital, Manesar is talking about it’s causes and solutions below.
“Mental health is increasingly becoming a concern with more and more people getting impacted and problems like depression increasingly becoming more prevalent. Depressive people experience feelings of despair, worthlessness and sadness. Typically, there are suicidal tendencies and thoughts. This may be associated with or without anxiety and other psychiatric disorders. Depression is more of a lifestyle disease these days with stress increasingly becoming a part of everyday life. This is one of the modalities of the fast life that we are living where there is competition at every step. The ways to avoid this involve slight changes in everyday lifestyle to accommodate positive activities like exercise, meditation, yoga, sports and a good work-life balance.”, Dr Sanjay said.
He further added, “The treatment for depression can be pharmacological & non-pharmacological. Pharmacological involves the use of medications while non-pharmacological involves concepts like psychotherapy, counselling, and cognitive behavioural therapy where the behaviour is analysed to understand the main causes of the problem and is giving a definitive therapy accordingly. This when supported by a positive circle of individuals comprising of friends and family members can help the individual to come out of the problem and start living a healthy and happy life again.”